Post 9

YouTube seems be ab area of media that can be more raw and unfiltered then other media outlets. For example almost anyone can upload a video onto YouTube. I was just watching one the other day that my friend told me about. this video had gone “viral” and a lot of people had seen it. There was even a word the video used that was now being used as slang. The person how made the video was famous almost over night. It was interesting how a simple kid in his basement could create a word that would be used by millions almost overnight. This word was then accepted  and used by our culture. So by using social media a kid created a word to be used by his culture.

Our speaker was very interesting to here from this week. It is crazy that two men from Utah would decide to  head to africa to mine gold. In just a few mouths he went from living in suburban Utah with a restate job to working with tribal chefs in Africa to mine gold. A complete culture change and life change to the max. From  paved cubed and guttered streets to mud huts and non English speaking natives. 

Post 8

I was really impressed with the LGBT guest we had last Friday. It would take a great deal of courage to sit in front of a class of people and explain how you feel. It was very insightful to learn how each of them felt and the stories about how they came to be were they are at. I have only had limited contact with any person that would fall under the umbrella of LGBT. I had never herd first person about some of the life challenges they face. It was very interesting to learn about how the different family reacted. Both supportive and non supportive. There was a lot of difference between each person in the group. some seemed to show how they were by what they were. wail one of them seemed to not want that to be the case.

I have a friend that lives in taxes and he married a black women. she was from the south and he was from Utah. They meet wail on a LDS mission and after started dating and got married. Although both being LDS and having similarity they still had a lot of differences. Her family was not LDS and were a little stand offish when they introduced him to them. He told me that they expected different things from him then he would have expected. Also they completely did not like that fact that they got married so quick. Still he is learning to deal with his mother and father in law.  

Ted Talk Africa

NPR/TED Talk Assignment

Jake Lund

Communications 319G

10/31/2017

 

I found and read a talk by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie.  The talk “The danger of a single story” focuses on how literature and a “single story” (Adichie) portray Africa. It points to the simple fact that most are presented with only one view and this defines are view of a culture. She explains, referring to an experience with her college roommate “So, after I had spent some years in the U.S. as an African, I began to understand my roommate’s response to me. If I had not grown up in Nigeria, and if all I knew about Africa were from popular images, I too would think that Africa was a place of beautiful landscapes, beautiful animals, and incomprehensible people, fighting senseless wars, dying of poverty and AIDS, unable to speak for themselves and waiting to be saved by a kind, white foreigner.” (Adichie).

The problem with a “single story” (Adichie) view is that it only focus on what is seen at that time by those who saw it. This can take away elements of the story that are also true and help define a culture. If these elements are left out our view of a people can be distorted. Thus are view of a culture other than ours can be shown incorrectly. Chimamanda states it this way “The consequence of the single story is this: It robs people of dignity. It makes our recognition of our equal humanity difficult. It emphasizes how we are different rather than how we are similar” (Adichie). She states that to create “a single story, show a people as one thing, as only one thing, over and over again, and that is what they become” (Adichie). Later she point out that “This single story of Africa ultimately comes, I think, from Western literature” (Adichie).

Chimamanda quotes a famous African writer, Chinua Achebe. How states “a balance of stories” can help reduce the misconceptions deployed by the “single story” (Adichie) problem. She states in support of this idea “That when we reject the single story, when we realize that there is never a single story about any place, we regain a kind of paradise” (Adichie).

I have found two peer reviewed articles the cover the topic of Africa in modern literature. Marginalized, negative or trivial? Coverage of Africa in the UK press by Martin Scott of the University of East Anglia in the United Kingdom. Scotts (Scott, 2009) article try’s to “draw attention to the important but largely unacknowledged role that the UK press plays in informing citizens about Africa” (p.533).

The second article. ‘Rising’, ‘hopeful’, ‘new’: visualizing Africa in the age of globalization by Toussaint Nothias of the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom. His (Toussaint, 2012) “article focuses on covers published in British, French and US American news magazines between 2011 and 2013 as micro-textual cases that can shed light on the evolution of Africa’s media image from Afro-pessimism to Afro-optimism”(p.325).

From what I have read I think that modern Western literature has been correcting it portrayal of Africa in the past few years. I believe that with the help of these two articles I can explain my view of how Western literature has been changing to “a balance of stories”(Adichie).

According to Scotts (Scott, 2009) research “the percentage of people claiming to receive information about ‘poor countries’ from newspapers is (41%)” (p.535). So 41% of us use get our perception of what it is like to be poor in another country from literature. But Scotts (Scott, 2009)  finding pointed out that “articles with the primary subject of civil war, civil conflict, aid and debt relief, terrorism, natural disasters, living conditions, health and disease, and human rights, which could all be considered negative topics, only constituted 23 percent of all articles”(p.547).

Scott (Scott, 2009) states toward the end of the article “Many aspects of the character of UK press coverage of Africa have been identified which suggest that such coverage is not as marginalized, negative or trivial as it is often accused of being” (p.554). Thus he states (Scott, 2009) “character of the UK press coverage of Africa is encouraging” (p.554). Scott (Scott, 2009) did however point out some concern “there were a significant number of articles covering soft news topics, such as Western visits” (p.554). This was in contrast to the number of hard topics covered by “African newspapers” (p.554). Scott (Scott, 2009) ends his article on this, “media’s content and portrayal of other countries must be given greater priority if we are to better understand the complex factors that shape citizens’ perceptions of the world”(p.556). From Scott’s article I think we can pull that progress has been made in correctly portraying Africa’s true nature. But we need to remain vigilant and strive for continued improvement.   

Early in the 19th century news was “characterized by a commercial bias inextricably linked to the colonial project and the internationalization of trade” (p.326) according to Toussaint (Toussaint, 2012). Toussaint (Toussaint, 2012) in his article states that positive modern Western literature is “in sharp contrast to the Afro-pessimism that historically dominated international coverage” (p.324). He point out that literature (Toussaint, 2012) “covers signal an evolution of Africa’s media image and, in particular, a gradual shift from Afro-pessimism to Afro-optimism with regard to continental narrative” (p.324). In his conclusion of the paper Toussaint (Toussaint, 2012) states “My analysis revealed the emergence of a positive trend in the discursive construction of continental Africa” (p.335). But as Scott warned in his article, Toussaint (Toussaint, 2012) agrees that “that these ‘newer’ media representations remain ideologically constrained” (p.335). Toussaint (Toussaint, 2012) final words are “African identities and the continent’s future are visualized in the increasingly homogenized and generic visual language of global neoliberalism” (p.336).

So both Toussaint and Scott agree that Africa face in modern literature have come far in just even the past decade. Though as they both state there is room for much improvement. As I stated before and as the articles back the “single story” (Adichie) view of Africa is changing. We are being offered a “balance of stories” (Adichie) to help as gain an understanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Nothias, T. (2014). ‘Rising’,‘hopeful’,‘new’: visualizing Africa in the age of globalization. Visual Communication13(3), 323-339.

Scott, M. (2009). Marginalized, negative or trivial? Coverage of Africa in the UK press. Media, Culture & Society31(4), 533-557.

Adichie, C. N. (n.d.). The danger of a single story. Retrieved October 31, 2017, from https://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story/transcript#t-1033098

 

Post 7

My way of thinking has changed due to the past few weeks. I had no idea that something like privilege could effect my life and other like has been pointed out in class. I have always taken for granted my place in society. This may be due to the demographics i grew up in. I never got to compare my privileges to other until i move away from home and to another state. These last few weeks have drawn attention to a areas i have never thought about before. I can now look a some ones situation in society in a new light and understanding. I did not know that i society has created some wall for groups of people that do not exist for other groups. 

The activity this Monday helped me understand why these situations exist and how they started. It was by change that i was given the tokens i chose. But when i was asked to tried it was hard to move up because those how had more them me would take the best that i had. Then we formed into groups based on our number standing. The groups displayed different behaviors depending on there ranking. When those in the higher group chose rules that benefited only them the lower group wanted to change the game and over throw the higher group. Also as we counted each round of trading the gaps between groups began to grow. It became much harder to move from one to the other. Most stayed in their groups and did not move to others. After every trading process the higher group grew in power and mostly only traded within their group. I can see example of this behavior in our modern society every day.

 

Post 6

I grew up in smaller town and never really had my eyes opened to what privileges i was given. I guess i took for granted what i was given. growing up in a society of mostly one religion and race makes you have very little understanding of what you have and do not have compared to other races. The presentation this week helped me understand how i could be privilege and others could not.  The garbage can basket was a great way off expressing the difference between privileged and unprivileged. She could pick how she wanted to make the basket. This shows privilege to those she choose to help. At one point she even moved the can out of the way making it harder to get a basket. I will now start to take a better look around me and notice what privileges i have compared to others.

One area f the reading i found interesting was Media Imperialism. This point out that first world count have more power in media then do third world county. Most anyone around the world could tell you about Star Wars but here in the united states we do not know of many foreign movies. It is hard for a movie produced in a different county to have a changes in the world market when the Hollywood movies dominate it. Many counties even identify the united sates by what they see in movies prorating american life styles.

Quest Speaker

The class activity this week opened my eyes some. Walking around the class picking up all the paper clips i could lead me to understand my privileges. I have always taken my position in society for granted. My social standing, physical health and education, i have always overlooked. I have gained a better respect for what i have been given. I also have noticed how much better i have it then some of the minorities and disabled groups. I had never thought that built in sidewalk ramps and slight cracks in the pavement could be such a big deal. just the fact that i can wake up and get to school without thinking about it is a blessing.

I really enjoyed our speaker this week. the history of the apartheid and south africa is fascinating. I had no idea that a government could be based on racial differences and groups. It was crazy that 16% of the population had 85% of the overall wealth of south africa. To see that a government can facilitate such oppression on racial groups scares me. The fact that there is still so much segregation in South Africa bothers me. But i can understand why 85% of the population could have problems gaining power in the government when they are under privileged.  

Cultural Self-Assessment

When I first saw this assignment was an essay, I was not looking forward to writing it at all. As a rule, I hate papers. But as I read throw the details of the paper I found it to be an interesting subject. I can talk about myself all day long. I have never written a paper like this before, it will be interesting to see how my thought come out on paper. I believe this paper will help me gain a better understand of my perceptions of other cultures. At this point I only have a few ideas of were my beliefs come from. I hope I will be able and dig a bit deeper and find the source of my cultural upbringing and views.

To start of I am a white Caucasian male. That what I answer every time I am ask to fill out some important paper work, at least. I grew up in the small college town of Ephraim Utah Ephraim is in central Utah and it main income sources are from Snow College and local farmers. With a bit here and there from other less prominent sources.

I grew up in a lower-class (income) family. My dad works for Ephraim city and a farm on the side. There are eight family members in my house hold, mom and dad, five brothers and one sister. My parents could never really afford much for use kids when growing up. But my dad always had plenty of work for use on the farm.

Growing up in central Utah I was razed Mormon with the rest of my brothers and sister. My mom and dad were and are very devoted Mormons and we attend church every Sunday along with other church duty’s and activity’s. I served a mission for the church and most of my good friends are Mormons. Ephraim is mostly all Mormon so the non- Mormons stick out like a sour thumb. But being in a small town means you get to know everyone and we readily (seemed too) accepted others not of our faith. So, the town tended to reflect Mormon values and its culture was based in Mormon traditions.

Central Utah is mostly agriculture based economy and most that live there are involved in agriculture in one way or another. So, values such as hard work, honesty, the golden rule and thriftiness are important. The general population of white Caucasian males and females spoke English (I guess). Although there was a large portion of the population that were migrant works from central and south America. These population came to work on the farms and nearby turkey plant, they tended to speak mostly Spanish. Throw the culture of these two demographics rarely mix. Thus, my cultural believes and views reflect this back ground of central Utah.

Being that I identify with a white lower-class male. I think I will focus on what I have seen of upper class males and the darker skinned migrant works I shared Ephraim with. I can remember waiting for Christmas with my two brothers and wanting a power wheels jeep (small electric powered sized car). But when Christmas came around we found a used petal cart under the tree. At the same time down the street my friend got just what we wanted under his tree and all to himself. Although in the end our car was faster than his power wheels.

My friend’s dad was a psychiatrist and made good money to support his family. Wail on the other hand my dad only made around 35 thousand a year and we lived in a small underground house below town (out by the fields and livestock) of a dirt road. My friend lived in a large new house in a subdivision above town (by the mountains).

I grew up alongside my friend throw high school and noticed the social economic difference between use many times. Many times, I would go with their family down to the ponderosa (a resort next to Zion park) to spend time in the family cabin. They always seemed to be going on family trips that we could never dream of (our family trips consisted of camping up the local mountains). He always had the newest gaming systems and toys. Also, when I came time for a driver license and car. My friend was given a five-year-old Ford ranger from his parents. Unlike him I had to by my first automobile, a 1976 ford f150 that was a real pile.

His first job was working for the college football film crew that his dad had set him up with. My first job (as in not working for my dad) was working for a local farmer. He was paid almost four dollars more than me.

Me and my friend both went to the same school and he had some of the same learning disabilities as I did. Are knowledge seemed to be at the same level as most others in my school. I did however notice that my friend and some of his friends tended to wine more when it came to not getting what they wanted. They liked a more lied back sort of job where they could relax more. Sometimes my friend would exclude me from his other friend, like when playing video games and sleepovers when we were younger. Lots of times I would want to do things out side like build a fort, but my friend would want to just stay inside.

When my friend would hang out with others of his same social economical class, they had some diffence them me. Sometimes they would skip out on church or still money from my friend’s dad so they could spend it on things they wanted. His values would seem to change depending on the group he was with. They care a lot about how people saw them and their actions were always for attention. The upper class kids around me seemed to take for granted some of the martial things they had. Although for the most part they seemed like me and wanted most of the same things they wanted. They just got more of those things then I did.

 Wail working on the farm with my dad we always had a farm hand and they general were from the groups of migrant workers. So, I did spend some time learning how they were and a little about their culture. In elementary schooled throw middle school there wee lots of Spanish speaking kids in my grade. But as time came on and we moved into high school, many of these kids dropped out of school or were expelled. I am not Shure why. Although I would say they seemed have a higher rate of misconduct in the school. One, maybe they could make money working. Either way they seemed just as intelligent as me or any other causation English speaker.

For the most part they tended to keep to them self’s as a group and some of their values were different then my own. They seemed to drink and get into smoking more often than the causation kids. They came from a different religion then most of the other kids in school. Most of them were catholic. They tended to be more reserved in interpersonal communication then the causation students. Their car if they had one, were usually small economy cars compared the big jacked up truck that dominate the parking lot.

I had spent a lot of time with the older generation of migrant workers wail growing up on the farm. Some of them were almost a second dad to me. From what I could tell the older generation had very similar values as my family had. For example, we hired a man from Peru to help on the farm for a few years. I was in my early teens worked alongside him for those years. He became part of our family at home and my dad always trusted him with use. Although my mom always refers to Peruvians as little people. As in “that little Peruvian man came over today”. So, I would say he was more integrated into our culture then we were into to his. So, my family never really got to come into contact and mingle with an entirely different culture. although we were told that all people are created equal. I cannot think of any sold example of this being illustrated in my family.

Most of my knowledge about the two groups I have chosen comes from first hand experience. My parents never really told use what to expect from other cultures around use. I just learned from what I saw and how I interacted with others. Although as I think about it my grandpa may have had influence on me in this area. He was old school in his views of other cultures. I can remember him referring to black Americans as the N word and he seemed to see most of the immigrants just as great workers. I learned to have views far more open then him. On the other hand, I think school, and more specifically history is where I learned about cultural diffence. I learned about tolerance and what happens when people look down on others. I think this may have shaped my view more the anything.  Tend to still see history as the major teacher that shapes my views today.

The media has also played a role in my cultural views via TV programs most of all. I spent a lot of time in the evening watching PBS programs such as Nature and Nova. These programs always explored area of the world and cultures I had never seen before. I always found them very interesting and I always wanted to be in those places. So, I feel like that media introduced me somewhat to the world and different culture. I learned some about south America and it cultures throw documentaries on wild life and history of the regain. They helped instill a want to know more about different culture and to be more tolerant of them. I am very open to learning about different cultures other than my own. Just don’t know about changing my own to suite there some times.

When watching Hollywood moves, I always noticed differences in how Hollywood expressed what the middle-class American family was like. From this I would compare my family financial assets with what I thought was the ideal family values and economic standing.

The Peruvian that work on the farm with used was also a major teacher for me in understand some part of a different cultures. My friend helped me see diffence in his economical class compared to my family’s economical class. From both, I could reference my place in society and local culture.

Some areas of interest in intercultural communication. I would like to learn more about the role nonverbal commination plays between cultures. Is it a universal language? If not, are there any way of communicating in some way with any culture on earth? I would like to gain a better understand of how religion shaped the communication between different cultures with different religions? If it can be made to be positive interaction all the time?

I would like to learn more about how cultures can melt together to form a new cultures sperate from the two parent cultures? Also, if there was ever a parent culture to witch all present cultures can trace their heritage too? Are there any remnants of a parent culture shown in all world cultures? Could the world form into one single culture?

 

So Far

I have had very limited contact with many different cultures growing up. Most of my years have been spent with in Utah and i have only been out of the united states twice. So my eye have been opened to some things i have never thought about before. I had always considered my self rather layed back when it came to have biases. meaning i thought i did not change my behavior or thoughts when introduced to some one of a different culture. But as i have been reading and watching i do notice some of my biases. I was unconscious incompetent in may way. Now i tend to me more aware of other peoples cultures and can read into if i may be offending them. So i guess at this point i would be consciously incompetent. Although after sensing my wrong i can then ask what the problem is and be corrected. I think it can take years to become even consciously competent of a different culture. To become completely unconsciously competent would seem almost impossible.

i found the video of Adonica Limon to very inspiring. She over came many biases based on here ethnic background and he family situation. She defied the odds put against her and came out way ahead of what most would have thought. I was inspired  how she (herself) had to pull her self out of were she had been place and almost with no pushing from others. People were willing to help if she asked, but most of what she accomplished was due to her drive to provide for he children. This gives me faith that almost anyone can create a drive in them self’s, can over come the biases that pull them down. It is awesome that she was and is so driven to help other. This even as she was just started on her path out of her problems. To go from living on the streets to a doctor that is working on a solving major health problems around the world, that crazy. 

 

English only laws?

I know that many other countries around the world are bilingual. Canada our next door neighbor is a good example. Both english and french are recognized as national languages. Canada has made it possible for provinces to choose a language as their staple. But as a whole the federal government of canada set bilingual as the norm. This means that all government singes, paperwork, and other business related governing needs to be bilingual. From my short bit or research this seems to have worked for canada. This may be due to the flexibility given to provinces. My opinion on the subject is, yes we should be bilingual. The united states is built of immigrants from other countries with different  languages. Allthow we could not obviously accept every language as a national language, we could allow a few. As this point in the united states we have had large amounts of south american emigrants (spanish speakers). I could see spanish being accepted as the second national language. A county should be flexible and able to make changes that better accommodate the majority of its peoples language. So as the united states demographics changes so should it supported languages. But as stated above Flexibility should be given to states to chose what language they should fully support. This setup i see as being acceptable. 

I Have not participated in any service learning as of yet. But i have heard of some opportunities that other student have be given. I am currently have no real idea of any direction i want to take my service learning. I guess i need to ask around some more. I do look forward to participating in any activity. I will find out this week what options i have and choose one.

Babakieuria video

Well first of i liked the Babakieuria video and thought it was very informative (in a interesting different way). I think it helps shed some understanding to non minorities how have very little understanding of what its really like to be a minority. The start of the video, were the “Blacks” find the barbecuing “Whites” and ask what they call this place, the “Whites” replay with “barbecue area”. The “Blacks”  state “I like it” and then place their flag and claim it. This simple first part of the film has a deeper meaning then just something funny. Later in the film a “White” family is asked what they have planned for the founding holiday. The reply “oh i did not know about that” tells about the difference in views of the two cultures. The “Whites” had been their long before the “blacks” and their founding day would obviously not be the same as the “Blacks”. So the Whites” do not hold the founding day with any importance. Its interesting that the interviewer states the day is to celebrate how they (both “Blacks” and “Whites” cultures) have grown so much. Yet as you clearly see throw out the video, the”Blacks” are really only celebrating what they have done. Interesting to see the far different culture views explained here.

One of the most interesting facts i got from the book chapter 3 was conscious incompetence. I believe most of use reach this point very quickly when we enter a new culture. Most of use can pick up on non verbal contamination. This basic form of communication is cross cultural. If you were invited to eat at a friend home, in lets say Tonga. But you did not eat very much food. they may see this as a insinuate to there cooking. You may not even notice your wrong doing until you see how people are looking at you. At this point you will start to pick up that you may have done something wrong. Although you will not know what that is unless you ask or someone tells you. Non the less you know due to non verbal communication of a wrong. This is Conscious incompetence.